Both TFTP and FTP servers are used for sharing files in a networked environment. Once either of the servers is in place, network users can upload or download files in a network.
As a matter of fact, FTP was the first server to be developed. And thatâ€™s why it was only available in old Operating systems such as Windows 2000 and XP. With time, software developers realized that they could develop a simplified version of this program and thatâ€™s when the idea of TFTP was born.
The new version was available by default in Windows 7 and 8. However, Microsoft, the manufacturer of Windows decided to eliminate TFTP from Windows 10 onwards.
However, the program is still available on the internet, meaning internet users can download it as they wish. Unfortunately, most network users imagine that TFTP and FTP are one and the same thing.
Here is a list of the things that are worth knowing about these two types of file transfer protocols.
1. FTP Requires the Use of Login and Password
With FTP, you can be sure that your files canâ€™t be accessed by unauthorized persons during transmission from the sender to the receiver. This is because the server requires every user to have a login and a password when accessing the network.
This means that the security of data canâ€™t be compromised. Besides that, FTP uses two connections when transmitting data. This makes them ideal for sending sensitive information. Â On the other hand, TFTP doesnâ€™t guarantee the security of data in a networked environment.
This is due to the fact that the protocol doesnâ€™t control how network users access data. In fact, the server doesnâ€™t prompt users to provide their logins and passwords. This means that a user out of nowhere can access into crucial files that have been shared on a network. And maybe thatâ€™s why TFTPs are recommended for sharing information thatâ€™s in the public domain. If your computer doesnâ€™t have the server, there is site you can visit and get help on how to set it up hereÂ
2. FTP uses TCP, TFTP Uses UDP
FTP uses TCP (Transport Control protocol) to determine when and how a signal will be sent to a recipient. Before any file is transmitted over the network, the server first scans the environment to confirm that there is no any other data thatâ€™s about to be sent to either of network users.
This is done to prevent collision of data during transmission. The logic behind this is that FTP uses two terminals; one thatâ€™s reserved for the sender and the other for the recipient. TFTP uses UDP when transmitting data. Since it relies on a single terminal, it uses stop and wait strategy to determine when a signal has higher chances of reaching the intended recipient.
3. TFTP Uses Only 5 Commands
TFTP is designed to be easy to use. This is because there are just 5 commands that can be used to execute different tasks. Memorizing such a few commands is pretty simple. FTP on the other hand is complex like rocket science. The server has many commands that canâ€™t be easily memorized. And maybe thatâ€™s why the server was eventually faced out.